Meiosis definition states that it is a procedure where cells are divided to eventually reduce the number of the chromosome by half which creates four haploid cell in the end. These four haploid cells are not similar and they contain different genetic code. The process of meiosis can be observed in animals, plants, fungi and even human. If the process of meiosis is not completed properly, the end result can be miscarriage and development of disability in the child.
So let us now look at the difference between the two processes.
- The end result of meiosis is four cell which has half number of chromosomes when compared to parent cell whereas the end result of mitosis is two cell having the same number of chromosomes as parent’s cell.
- In terms of function, meiosis produces sec cells in the organisms which reproduce sexually whereas in mitosis basic function is to reproduce cell for growth, repair and even asexual reproduction
- Meiosis can be observed in are productive cell of almost every eukaryote like plants, fungi, humans and animals whereas mitosis can be observed in all proliferating cells in eukaryotes.
- Meiosis has been divided into 8 phases whereas mitosis is divided into 5 phases.
- Another major difference between the two is that meiosis produces cells which are different from parent cell in terms of genetic code and mitosis produces acell which is same as the parent
- It should also be noted that during meiosis, crossing over happens between each and every pair of homologous chromosomes whereas the characteristics of crossing over are not usually observed during mitosis.
- Last important difference is that meiosis is a process which creates a different genetic code by mixing and matching of two cells and this process helps in maintain the diversity in nature whereas mitosis helps in repairing and growth of body cell.